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Sun City Agreement Inter-Congolese Dialogue

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They commend Sir Ketumile Masire, neutral moderator of the dialogue, for his intelligent conduct of the negotiation process, his dedication to the mission entrusted to him and his tenacity. A spokesman for Mbeki stressed that a partial agreement would not end the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo or solve the country`s problems. However, some South African officials privately congratulated RCD-ML members on their signatures. Zimbabwean officials say they support the agreement between the government and the MLC, as well as Ugandan officials. The UN Security Council welcomed the «considerable progress» made in the talks and said the agreement «could facilitate political transition and contribute to the consolidation of the regional peace process in the country.» In a statement of 23 April, the Council stated that some ICD participants, in particular the RCD, had refused to be parties to the agreement «threatens the hopes for peace that have emerged in Sun City». France, Britain and Belgium also made a joint statement supporting the agreement. Some of its clauses specifically refer to the inclusion of the RCD in a new government and RCD troops in a new army, but these will likely remain a dead letter until the RCD agrees to sign them or a new agreement is reached. Of the approximately 366 CDI delegates, at least 258 have signed the agreement, BERCI said, which more signatures could follow soon. In addition to the government and MLC delegations, all but about five civil society delegates, at least 30 out of 69 unarmed opposition delegates supported the Congolese Rally for Democracy-Movement for Liberation (RCD-ML) and the RCD-National (RCD-N). The Sun City Agreement was an agreement signed on 19 April 2002 between some of the second World War warring parties in the luxurious South African casino Sun City, following the Inter-Belgian Dialogue (ICD). Delegates hoped it would be a historic «final act» that ended more than four years of war and established a government of national unity. «Given the consensual nature of the transition, the Assembly cannot vote on a motion of no confidence against the Prime Minister and his government,» the text of the agreement states.

«Unless there is treason, extortion or corruption, the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister and the Presidents of the Assembly and the Senate will remain in office throughout the transition.» The partial agreement was reached between the government, the Uganda-backed Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) and a majority of civil society and unarmed opposition political groups.