Schengen Agreement Date
Schengen states that share a common land border with a third state are allowed, in accordance with the European Union Regulation 1931/2006, to conclude or maintain bilateral agreements with neighbouring third countries for the purpose of implementing a border area system.  Such agreements define a border area of up to 50 km on both sides of the border and provide for the granting of permits for small border traffic for the inhabitants of the border area. Authorizations can be used to cross the EU`s external border within the border area, are not stamped when crossing the border and must include the name and photo of the holder, as well as a statement indicating that the holder is not allowed to travel outside the border area and that any abuse is punishable. The two Schengen agreements have been a major step forward for transport in Europe. Queues would often be one kilometre long and wait for border patrols to sign them, but the agreements helped to stop them. Today, people can enter neighbouring countries without having to present any form of identity card. Of course, airlines always require you to show it for security reasons, but border controls are much easier to navigate and don`t even exist in some cases. At many external border crossing points, there are special routes for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens (as well as family members) and other routes for all travellers, regardless of nationality.  At some border crossing points at the external border, there is a third route for Schedule II travellers (i.e.
third-country/EEA/Swiss nationals who are exempt from the visa requirement).  Although Andorran and San Marines citizens are not EU or EEA citizens, they may use special routes for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens.  British citizens will not be able to use the EU`s trace after Brexit under current rules, unless such a right is introduced into the Brexit deal with the EU. Now that the Schengen Agreement is part of the Community acquis, it has lost to the EU Member States the status of a treaty which could only be amended in accordance with its terms. Instead, changes are made in accordance with the EU`s legislative procedure under the EU treaties.  Ratification by the former signatory states is not necessary to amend or repeal all or part of the previous Schengen acquis.  Acts setting out the conditions for accession to the Schengen area are now adopted by a majority of the EU`s legislative bodies. The new EU Member States do not sign the Schengen Agreement as such, but are required to implement the Schengen rules within the framework of existing EU legislation, which any new entrant must accept. [Citation required] However, some third-country nationals are allowed to stay more than 90 days in the Schengen area without having to apply for a long-stay visa. For example, France does not require citizens of Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City to apply for an extended residence visa.
 In addition, Article 20, paragraph 2, of the Schengen Agreement continues to apply it «in exceptional circumstances» and bilateral agreements concluded by some signatory states with other countries prior to the convention`s entry into force. For example, New Zealand citizens can apply to any Schengen country (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland) which had already concluded bilateral visa-free agreements with the New Zealand government prior to the agreement, without the need to apply for a long-stay visa, will apply 90 days within 180 days for travel to other Schengen countries.            63] [exc quotes]